Logical Reasoning- commonly used argument component keywords and quantifiers

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Offline Jeffort

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Logical Reasoning- commonly used argument component keywords and quantifiers

This is a list of the most common indicator words and phrases used on the LSAT that are important to know to help break down, understand and analyze an argument quickly. The lists are drawn from PowerScore's LSAT Logical Reasoning Bible.

There are many more ways things can be presented but these are the most common ones used in LSAT questions:

Premise Indicators
Because
Since
For
For example
For the reason that
In the
Given that
As indicated by
Due to
Owing to
This can be seen from
We know this by

Conclusion Indicators
Thus
Therefore
Hence
Consequently
As a result
So
Accordingly
Clearly
Must be that
Shows that
Concludes that
Follows that
For this reason

Additional Premise Indicators
Furthermore
Moreover
Besides
In addition
What's more
After all

Counter-premise/transitional Indicators
But
Yet
However
On the other hand
Admittedly
In contrast
Although
Even though
Still
Whereas
In spite of
Despite
After all

Quantity Indicators
All
Every
Most
Many
Some
Several
Few
Sole
Only
Not all
none

Probability Indicators
Must
Will
Always
Not always
Probably
Likely
Would
Not necessarily
Could rarely
Never



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Offline Jack Daws

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Thanks!

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Offline lawdog

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Those are great--if you can learn to react to those, you'll have a lot of extra insight into basic argumentation. Also, if you can make sense of why they do what they do (due to..., therefore...), that makes these arguments much easier to break down as well.

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Offline SteelyDan

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These are great...thanks!!
"Forsan Et Haec Olim Meminisse Juvabit."

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BlaineR

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I think it's kind of interesting that all of these have a adjective describing them as though they need to be memorized.  I think these phrases just naturally roll off the tongue and work the way they should.

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Offline LSAT Eliminator

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Yeah, I wouldn't say memorizing is the way to go, but at first, for most people, that's what they need to do. But eventually they better be able to understand the meaning behind the words, or they'll run into some situations that won't meet their memorized list.